Sinus Infection Treatment

Roughly 35 million Americans experience sinusitis, (sinus infection) which can be acute or chronic (referred to as chronic sinusitis).  Sinusitis involves the sinuses - hollow cavities in the front of your skull which comprises tissue that makes mucus. This mucus provides moisture to the nasal cavity and also helps to filter the air we breathe by removing dust and other microbes; protecting us from potentially harmful allergens and pollutants. 

Sinusitis, commonly known as a sinus infection, occurs when the sinus cavities become filled with fluid. This produces inflammation and swelling, creating the symptoms of a sinus infection.  

The ear, nose, and throat specialists at Otolaryngology Associates offer sinus infection care that helps manage the symptoms of sinusitis. Call our practice today to schedule your sinus infection appointment at one of our clinics in Indianapolis, Greencastle, Greenfield, Kokomo, Noblesville, Carmel, Fishers, Avon, Greenwood, Mooresville, and Shelbyville.

What causes sinusitis?

Children and adults can both develop sinusitis, but the triggers for each differ slightly. For adults, common causes of sinusitis include:

Other causes of sinusitis include blocked drainage ducts and immunity issues. Meanwhile, sinusitis in children is more likely to be triggered by:

  • Using pacifiers
  • Drinking from a bottle while lying down
  • Allergies
  • Living in a smoky environment
  • Colds and viruses
sinus infection treatment
Be aware of anything that may cause a sinusitis flare-up so that you can seek medical treatment at Otolaryngology Associates as soon as you experience symptoms.

What are the symptoms of sinusitis?

Regardless of the type of sinusitis you have, the symptoms are typically the same. However, the duration and severity of symptoms that are experienced vary. Common sinusitis symptoms include the following:
  • Bad Breath
  • Congestion
  • Cough
  • Earache
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Jaw ache and/or toothache
  • Loss of smell
  • Pain or pressure around the forehead, nose, and cheeks
  • Running nose
  • Sore throat
These symptoms are common to many illnesses, so if you experience some or all of them, schedule an appointment at Otolaryngology Associates to get checked out.
Airborne Allergens

Airborne Allergens

People are exposed to these types of allergens through the air, meaning they are inhaled. The most common types of airborne allergies include: 

  • Pollen: the most pervasive type of allergy, also known as hay fever. Pollen is a substance that is released by trees to fertilize other plants. This occurs seasonally, producing seasonal allergies (spring being the season with the highest pollen count). 
  • Molds: mold is a type of fungi that grows in indoor and outdoor spaces that retain more moisture (bathrooms, basements, trash piles etc.). 
  • Animal Dander: the skin and hair that pets shed as well as their saliva can also be the source of allergens. 
  • Dust: dust mites are microscopic insects that are part of the dust that accumulates in homes or apartments. 
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        Types of Sinusitis

        There are four types of sinusitis: acute, subacute, chronic, and recurrent.


        Lasts two to four weeks and gets better with treatment.


        Lasts between four and eight weeks. Treatment works but takes longer for any noticeable improvement.


        Consistently recurring bouts of acute sinusitis, or one long bout, that collectively lasts longer than eight weeks.


        Three or more episodes of acute sinusitis in a year.

        Though sinusitis can be experienced by all people, there are a few factors that can increase the risk of developing a sinus infection. These include: 

        • Allergies: more than 50 million people navigate allergies every year. Exposure to allergens can lead to sinus infections or worsen symptoms of sinusitis. 
        • Immune system disorders 
        • The common cold or other viral infections

        Our team is trained to diagnose and treat the different types of sinusitis to create the most effective care plan for you.

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        What is the treatment for sinusitis?

        Sinus infection care options depends on the severity of your illness. For a simple sinus infection (acute), the best treatment option could be over-the-counter medications. This includes decongestants and saline nasal washes which alleviate symptoms. Additionally, at-home solutions like inhaling steam or applying warm compresses can also be helpful.  Your healthcare provider may also prescribe a course of antibiotics that you should complete.

        In the case of chronic sinusitis, your doctor may recommend surgical treatment options. This includes endoscopic surgery, like balloon sinuplasty.

        Sinusitis is an uncomfortable, painful condition that affects your quality of life. Partner with Otolaryngology Associates and begin treatment today. Call our team today to schedule an appointment.

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        Otolaryngology Associates provides top-quality Ear, Nose and Throat care from 13 full-service medical offices throughout central Indiana.
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